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Body Image & Eating Disorders

BODY IMAGE AND EATING DISORDERS

Eating Disorders (EDs) are complex illnesses with serious emotional and physical problems that can have life threatening consequences.   The three most prevalent forms of eating disorders are anorexia, bulimia, and binging.

 

Body-image problems occur along a continuum that ranges from mild dissatisfaction to severe body-hate. Body-image disturbance is generally seen in conjunction with self-esteem issues, depression, eating disorders, or sexual abuse.

 

  • They occur in females and males of every age, race, ethnicity, and sexual orientation.
  • EDs involve issues of weight, weight loss, and body image dissatisfaction.
  • Persons with an ED may be underweight, normal weight, or even overweight
  • They often start with an appropriate desire to improve nutrition and health.
  • While the exact cause is not yet known, it is believed that afflicted persons have a predisposition for the illness and recent advances in studies of the brain indicate that there are disturbances in brain mechanisms, pathways, and chemical transmitters.

 

Possible signs of anorexia, bulimia, and binging

Weight loss- an unexplained, dramatic change in weight or lack of expected weight gain and growth

Menstrual Periods- decrease or loss of periods

Preoccupation- with nutrition, counting calories, reading labels, increased interest in cooking/baking while not actually eating the food prepared

Unusual Eating Habits- changes in meal patterns or food preferences, excuses for skipping meals, refusal to eat out, eating in secrecy, binge eating

Russell’s sign- scarring of the knuckles from placing fingers down throat to induce vomiting

Inappropriate- use of laxatives or diuretics

Dieting- despite being thin or dangerously underweight

Fear-of gaining weight or becoming overweight

Rituals-cuts food into tiny pieces, refuses to eat around others, hides food

Obsessive or compulsive exercising

Increasing Irritability, Isolation, or Depression

 

In contemporary American society, achieving the perfect body has become a major measure of self-worth for most adolescent and adult women. Society’s present-day preoccupation with physical appearance and self-image contributes to the prevalence of eating disorders.

 

Studies have shown that early detections and treatment increases the likelihood of recovery.  Treatment is multidisciplinary, involving medical, psychological, and nutritional care.

 

Resources:

National Eating Disorders Association:     www.NationalEatingDisorders.org……..............….…Helpline:  1-800-931-2237

St. Louis Behavioral Medicine Institute:     www.slbmi.com

          Outpatient counseling, including Intensive Outpatient Therapy, and Nutrition Services

McCallum Place and Webster Wellness:     www.mccallumplace.com

          Outpatient, Intensive Outpatient, and Residential Therapy programs

Castlewood Treatment Center:     www.castlewoodtc.com

          Outpatient, Intensive Outpatient, and Residential Therapy programs

Washington University Division of Adolescent Medicine at St. Louis Children’s Hospital…….…..…….314-454-2468

          Outpatient medical evaluations

St. Louis University Division of Adolescent Medicine at Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital…….....314-268-6406

          Outpatient and Inpatient medical treatment

NEDA Navigators (trained resource volunteers):  web site: nationaleatingdisorders.org 

          Website has excellent information for teens, parents, school personnel, and coaches

 

Of course, there are many private psychotherapists and nutritionists in the community.

 

Reviewed and edited by Marianne Brady-Dunstan, MD, Dept. of Adolescent Medicine, Cardinal Glennon Children’s Hospital

 

 

 

 

Published by Parent Network of Catholic High Schools, June, 2013................................................... www.parentnetworkstl.org